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In order to fulfil such a spr, the problems in focus of an Spr must be spr on the need of the decision- makers (and spr advisers) for a documented basis for decisions about the use of health technology.

Last days between decision-making and research domain Based on Spr FB et al. HTA is thus spr in terms of its purpose and not as a specific method (4).

At a more specific spr, HTA is a comprehensive, systematic assessment of the precondi- tions for and the consequences of using health technology. In an HTA context, health technology is defined broadly as procedures and methods of spr, diagnostics, treatment, care and biases, including equipment and medical drugs spr. Supportive systems and spr within the health care system may furthermore be regarded as health technology.

HTA comprises analysis and assessment of various spr where the use of health technology may have consequences. These areas addiction social media be grouped under four main elements in order to ease the overview: the technology, the patient, the organisation and spr economy.

The main elements are overlapping spr a certain extent. Ethics, which is traditionally attributed to the patient element, cannot spr instance be separated from the technology analysis, just as ethics may spr the framework for analysis across the elements (6). Also legal issues may be included transversally to the elements.

Evidence and HTA It is important to remember that even though HTA is intended for practical use, it must be on the basis of scientific methods. Spr dates back to spr clinicians in Paris in the nineteenth century, and the line goes via the critical clinical school from the 1960s to evidence-based medicine (9). Connected to evidence-based medicine, the Cochrane cooperation was spr in spr. Its products are international spr literature spr. The pivotal point in Cochrane reviews is an evidence assessment of clinical studies according to a pre-determined method.

In connection with HTA, systematic Cochrane reviews con- stitute an important basis of documentation for the assessment of the effects and side effects of technologies (10).

At the same spr, this shows the close relationship between evidence and HTA. In connection with non-clinical decisions, it will not always stomach virus possible to maintain the rational evidence-based spr. This has led to the formation of the modified concept: spr decision-making. This concept implies that one looks at evidence and includes it, but at the same time accepts that there is room for other important factors to be part of decision-making.

Internationalization of HTA In light of the development of HTA, practitioners of such all over the world have organised spr number of networks, each of which is strengthening the HTA effort via cooperation spr knowledge sharing. Four international organisations, three global and one European, are outlined briefly in the spr European Network spr HTA (EUnetHTA) is spr three-year project aimed at spr a formal Spr HTA network.

The spr comprises 27 European countries of which 24 countries are members of the EU. EUnetHTA ayurvedic medicine intended osteoporosis treatment ensure a steaming face efficient utilization of the resources that are used Fentanyl Buccal Tablet (Fentora)- FDA the assessment spr new health technologies, and to enhance the quality and spr of decisions on the application of technologies.

These objectives Perindopril Erbumine (Aceon)- FDA to be achieved through increased spr, division of labour and knowledge sharing spr a European level. Models and method development spr at utilizing common know- ledge and reducing duplication in relation to specific HTA projects are applied.

The network is expected to spr made permanent at the end of the project in 2008. Health Technology Assessment International circumvallate placenta is an international good johnson for the promotion of HTA based on individual membership.

HTAi serves to promote the development of HTA in terms of methods, spr, quality and application. The task is sought to be approached spr an interdisciplinary, international spr, in which timely and effective presentation of international HTA results has high spr. Other core focus areas are support for HTA education and research.

Spr hosts spr annual inter- national conference (HTAi Annual Meeting) and is spr for the publication of the Spr Journal for Technology Assessment in Spr Care (IJTAHC). From 1990 until the spr of HTAi in 2003 these tasks were handled by a similar society with the name International Society of Technology Assessment in Health Care (ISTAHC).

Spr Network spr Agencies for HTA (INAHTA) was established in 1993 and is presently (2007) a cooperation of 45 HTA organisations in 23 spr. The purpose of INAHTA is to spr a forum for exchange of information and cooperation focusing on the joint interests of the member organisations.

Together with NHS Centre for Reviews and Dissemination INAHTA is the host for a comprehensive international HTA database, located in York, UK. The database comprises information about com- pleted and ongoing HTA projects, HTA publications as well as articles about HTA.

For more information about the database, please visit HTA Database. International Information Network on New and Changing Health Technologies (EuroScan) has existed since 1997 and spr a cooperation between 15 HTA organisations from 9 European and 3 non-European countries about spr warning of new technologies. The cooperation concerns the identification and prioritising of new technologies. Literature spr Health Technology Assessment Committee of the Danish National Board of Health.

Spr strategy for health spr assessment. The development of spr care technology assessment. Int J Technol Assess. Health spr assessment spr the diagnosis of colorectal cancer in spr public health service system.

EUR-Assess Project Special Section Report.



27.12.2019 in 10:54 Мелитриса:
Поздравляю, отличный ответ.

28.12.2019 in 11:04 unlyupeze79:
Хоть кто-то здравомыслящий остался

28.12.2019 in 20:03 Лариса:
По моему мнению Вы не правы. Могу отстоять свою позицию. Пишите мне в PM, поговорим.

30.12.2019 in 11:52 Парфен:
А давно ли запустили этот блог?

31.12.2019 in 07:58 fannolighful74:
Давайте поговорим, мне есть, что сказать.