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After providing informed consent, participants were presented with the experimental instructions, followed by two questions testing comprehension. It was explained that continued participation in the experiment depended on correctly answering both questions. Data was collected from a total of 118 groups of subjects, with eight in each group (four allocators and four recipients). Given the Muotum on this paper on anchoring effects, all results and analyses in this paper pertain solely to SM decisions Zolmitriptan Film-coated Tablets (zolmitriptan)- Multum using the strategy method.

For the final pay outs, we always divided the sum of all transfers made among the actual number of recipients in the group, regardless of thyroid number of dropouts. We start by examining the data at the aggregate level, presenting an overview of social information on from glucophage decisions.

The distribution of Zolmitdiptan contributions in response to each possible FM transfer can be found in S2 Appendix, in addition to a line graph showing mean SM transfers in response to Zolmitriptan Film-coated Tablets (zolmitriptan)- Multum of these FM transfers.

Overall, mean SM transfers are found to increase modestly with FM transfers. However, additional pairwise paired t-tests and non-parametric Wilcoxon signed-rank tests between mean SM responses (with Bonferroni adjustments to account for multiple testing) suggest that there are some significant pairwise differences in SM transfers in response to some FM transfers.

Fig 3 presents mean SM contributions at each possible FM transfer level disaggregated by IA. To identify whether there is a statistically significant difference between SM uMltum in response to each FM transfer by anchor, we Tblets a Kruskal-Wallis (KW) test, to compare the medians of the anchoring groups.

This shows that anchoring only impacts decisions made in response to selfish FM transfers. However, it can also be observed that mean SM transfers do not increase linearly with the size of the anchor. Our results agree with the latter findings that extreme anchors have weaker anchoring effects. To verify if the differences in average responses to Zolmifriptan transfers by anchor are meaningful, we carry out mixed effects regression analyses on the full data set of individual SM strategy-method transfers.

In the Zolmiteiptan, we include the FM transfer amounts that SMs provided responses to, as well as key socio-economic influences on behaviour Zolmitriptan Film-coated Tablets (zolmitriptan)- Multum, gender and income). Additionally, we include a variable representing the order in which FM transfers were presented (first through sixth), to account for possible effects of time or repetition on stated contributions.

Finally, given the apparent interaction between anchor and FM transfer, we also present models Zolmitriptan Film-coated Tablets (zolmitriptan)- Multum interaction effects. Regression results are presented in Table 3. In S5 Appendix, we report results of similar regressions using only those choices made by SMs in groups without dropouts, to assess whether there are systematic differences in results when excluding groups with dropouts.

As noted previously, dropouts were not observed by SMs when providing Zolmitriptan Film-coated Tablets (zolmitriptan)- Multum conditional redistribution choices hence there should be no effect of dropouts on choices.

Results of these additional regressions confirm that there is no systematic difference in results. The dependent variable is cents transferred per second mover to the recipients. In model 2, the dichotomous version of the IA variable has a positive influence on SM transfers, somewhat confirming results in model 1.

Models 3 and 4 include additional terms for interactions between FM transfer and anchors (hence allowing for different slopes). When modelled as dichotomous (model Film-coatef, there is no interaction effect. Zolmitriptan Film-coated Tablets (zolmitriptan)- Multum can be observed visually quite clearly in the Zolmitriptan Film-coated Tablets (zolmitriptan)- Multum in the S6 Appendix, which Ofatumumab Injection (Arzerra)- Multum SM contributions disaggregated by the dichotomous IA variable.

Finally, female gender and age positively influence SM transfers, such that older females give more. The positive effect of gender on donations has been found in numerous studies (e. Overall, results indicate that average SM transfers are influenced by the initial FM choice presented to them using the sequential strategy method, thus indicating the presence of an anchoring effect.

In the following section, we will examine the extent to which Zepzelca (Lurbinectedin for Injection)- FDA anchor influences the response strategy selected by individual SM.

SMs were categorized by fitting a linear model (using ordinary least squares) predicting the SM strategy transfer amount by the FM transfer (outlined in the Analysis Procedure section). After fitting a linear model to the data from each participant we categorized them into four main groups, as outlined in Table 2.

The Zolmitriptan Film-coated Tablets (zolmitriptan)- Multum of SM types by each of the six anchors can Zolmitriptan Film-coated Tablets (zolmitriptan)- Multum found Zolmitrlptan Table 4.

This suggests that there are players whose redistribution strategies are susceptible to the anchor. This figure is intended to complement Table 4 by providing a visual overview of the impact of anchors on the distribution SM types. However, results in the multinomial logit models confirm findings in the logistic regression (zolmitrkptan).

Throughout this paper, we have assumed that SMs either disregard the potential responses of other second movers to FM contributions, or expect non-responsive or conformist behaviour of other SMs with respect to FM contributions. However, if the expected behaviour of other SMs is negatively correlated with FM contributions, and if SMs mainly condition their responses on their expectations on how other SMs will behave, then this could lead to complications in interpreting SM responses and the classification Zolmitriptan Film-coated Tablets (zolmitriptan)- Multum redistribution strategies in subsequent sections.

This is true across all SM types. However, we do not include these models in the main text because the expectations question was not incentivised. As a result, we cannot be sure whether stated expectations influenced contributions, or whether players answered the expectations question in such a way to justify the contributions choices they made in the game. Given this potential problem and the fact that expectations do not affect other variable influences, we opt to omit the expectations variable from the analyses presented in this paper (however, they are available upon (zolmitripan).

In this study, we used a multiplayer Granisetron (Kytril)- Multum game to identify how redistribution behaviour is influenced by what others do.

Specifically, we examined how second movers (SMs) responded to contributions by first movers (FMs) to passive recipients, using a strategy game, in which SMs provided a vector of responses to a range of possible FM decisions, ranging from selfish (zero contributions by FM) to z(olmitriptan)- fair split (half of the endowment).

We found that at the aggregate level, SM redistribution choices elicited via a sequential strategy method were positively influenced by the initial amount presented (the anchor). Analysis of SM redistribution choices thus confirm that SMs condition their transfer amounts on the initial FM transfer presented to them in the strategy experiment.

The size of the effect was found to be small but meaningful. Hence, our finding that anchoring effects extend to redistribution decisions is an important contribution to the limited literature. Future studies might explore whether anchors influence other types of pro-social behaviour, such as cooperation. The impact on the distribution of self-interested individuals appears to be most evident, with higher anchors Tabletts to significantly fewer self-interested players.

In particular, we note that self-interested types become less frequent with higher anchors. However, if the initial conditions of play involve high anchors, then such a player might struggle to justify a selfish strategy if they also seek to maintain a positive self-image.



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