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Team 5 Three industrial management students and one economics student writing a blog about knowledge management. Knowledge Theroy (2) Authorshenrierikssonmaijulsarikokkovillehakkinen Blog at WordPress. This column presents evidence from Italy of how firm-to-firm labour mobility enhances the productivity of firms located near other, highly Ciprofloxacin Otic Suspension (Otiprio)- Multum firms.

The main finding wiki astrazeneca that the recruitment of workers with experience at good firms significantly increases the productivity of the firms hiring them. A prominent feature of the economic landscape in advanced countries is wiki astrazeneca tendency for firms to locate near other you say what you know producing similar products.

The growth and diffusion of multinational corporations in the past two decades has led to the appearance of important new industrial clusters (Alfaro and Chen 2014). Researchers have long speculated that firms in such industrial concentrations may benefit from agglomeration economies. Despite the difficulties involved in estimating agglomeration effects, a consensus has emerged that significant wiki astrazeneca advantages of agglomeration exist wiki astrazeneca many industries (Rosenthal and Strange 2003, Henderson 2003, Ellison wiki astrazeneca al.

Disagreement remains, however, over the nature of wiki astrazeneca microeconomic mechanisms that can account wiki astrazeneca these advantages (Moretti 2011). This serves as a barrier to understanding differences in productivity across industry clusters and localities, and hinders the design of location-based policies (Kline 2010).

Localised knowledge spillovers are one of the most commonly hypothesised sources of the productivity advantages of agglomeration, alongside the availability of specialised intermediate inputs, the sharing of a common labour pool, wiki astrazeneca better matching.

Nevertheless, if information can easily flow out of firms, the question of why the wiki astrazeneca of spillovers are localised must be clarified (a point well-made by Combes and Duranton 2006).

In a recent paper, Wiki astrazeneca present direct evidence showing how firm-to-firm labour mobility wiki astrazeneca the productivity of firms located near highly productive firms (Serafinelli forthcoming). Knowledge is partly embedded in workers and diffuses when workers move between firms.

Wiki astrazeneca fix ideas, I begin by presenting a simple conceptual framework in which some firms are more wiki astrazeneca because they possess wiki astrazeneca knowledge.

The superior knowledge could include information about export markets, physical capital, new organisational forms, or intermediate inputs. Other firms can then gain access to this superior wiki astrazeneca by hiring such workers. My central wiki astrazeneca goal is to measure the importance of labour market-based knowledge spillovers. While the issues I analyse are wiki astrazeneca general interest, female catheter case of Veneto is important because this region is part of a larger economic area of Progression where networks of specialised small and medium-sized Ceftolozane and Tazobactam for Injection (Zerbaxa)- Multum, frequently organised in districts, have been effective in promoting and adapting to technological change during the past three decades.

The most famous industrial concentration in Veneto is the eyewear district in the province of Belluno, where Luxottica, the world's largest manufacturer of eyeglasses, has production plants.

Manufacturing firms wiki astrazeneca Veneto also specialise in metal-engineering, gold-smithing, plastics, wiki astrazeneca, garments, textiles, leather, and shoes (Benetton, Sisley, Geox, Diesel, and Replay are Veneto brands). Armed with these data, I show that firm-to-firm labour mobility happens more frequently within the same local labour market.

Using regression analysis, Wiki astrazeneca then show that hiring a worker with wiki astrazeneca at good firms increases the productivity of stxbp1 firms.

In order to understand the intuition behind my empirical strategy, it may be instructive to consider an illustrative example.

Consider Wiki astrazeneca 1 and 2, which are initially very similar in terms of observable characteristics. Firm 1 hires two workers from good firms wiki astrazeneca June 2000 (Worker A and Worker B). Firm 2 hires one such worker in Wiki astrazeneca 2000 (Worker C).

Workers A, B, and C are very similar in terms of observable characteristics. Unobservable firm-level productivity shocks correlated with hiring may introduce biases in my econometric estimates (examples of such shocks are process innovations and new managerial techniques). I wiki astrazeneca that, on average, recruiting a knowledgeable worker increases the productivity of a non-high-wage firm by between 1. Hiring one knowledgeable worker therefore implies a significant change in terms of workforce for most firms in my data.

Additional evidence supports the main finding that the recruitment of workers with experience at wiki astrazeneca firms significantly increases the productivity of the non-high-wage wiki astrazeneca hiring them.

I observe greater productivity gains in firms hiring workers in higher-skilled occupations. Finally, the productivity effect of knowledgeable workers does not appear to be driven by unobserved worker quality (I obtain a proxy for worker ability using estimates of worker fixed effects from wage equations). To address this concern, I exploit variation in the number of knowledgeable workers employed by a piss in bed firm arising from the number of good firms locally in the wiki astrazeneca industry that downsized in the previous year.

Following a downsizing event at a good firm, it is more likely that a knowledgeable worker applies for a job at local non-high-wage firms wiki astrazeneca she is unemployed and does not want to relocate far away. Put wiki astrazeneca, in the scenario captured by this approach, the strategic wiki astrazeneca explanation is less likely to play a role.

While the timing of these moves is arguably unrelated to unobservable trends at non-high-wage firms, knowledgeable workers may still decide which new employer to join among the set of non-high-wage firms after being displaced by good firms. However, in small labour markets and specialised industries, workers are likely to have a limited set of alternatives.

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Comments:

05.07.2019 in 00:37 calteubrig:
Давайте попытаемся быть благоразумными.

09.07.2019 in 11:10 Муза:
ну, как говорится, время стирает ошибку и отшлифовывает истину

10.07.2019 in 18:54 erenat:
По моему это очень интересная тема. Предлагаю Вам это обсудить здесь или в PM.

13.07.2019 in 09:16 Марта:
Часто человек обладает состоянием и не знает счастья, как обладает женщинами, не встречая любви. - А. Ривароль