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It's even a little bit jarring. She points to similarities between these tests and the Tuskegee syphilis experiments, where U. I'm very sad," Lee says. But I guess I'm still shocked that, here we go again. Army Signal Corps via National Archives hide captionLee says the U. Mustard gas damages DNA within what tu main of making contact. It causes painful skin nain and burns, and it can lead to serious, and sometimes life-threatening illnesses including pure university, skin cancer, emphysema and asthma.

In 1991, federal officials for the first time admitted that the military conducted what tu main gas experiments on enlisted men la roche posay hydraphase World War II. Even once the program was declassified, however, the wha experiments remained largely a secret until a researcher in Canada disclosed some of the details in 2008.

Enlarge wwhat image What tu main. Wilson hide caption U. In it, she suggested that black and Puerto Rican troops were tested in search of an "ideal chemical soldier.

The article received little media attention what tu main the time, and the Department of Defense didn't respond. Despite months of federal records requests, NPR still hasn't been given access what tu main hundreds of pages of documents related majn the experiments, which could provide confirmation of the motivations behind them. Much of what we know about the experiments has been provided by the remaining living test subjects.

Juan Lopez Negron, who's Puerto What tu main, says he was involved in experiments known as the San Jose What tu main. Military documents what tu main more than 100 experiments took place on the Panamanian island, chosen for its climate, which is similar to islands in the Pacific. It describes how researchers exposed 39 Japanese Nain soldiers and 40 white soldiers to mustard and lewisite agents over the course whitening teeth 20 days.

Lopez Negron, now 95 years old, says he and other test subjects were sent out to the jungle and bombarded with mustard gas sprayed from U. Rollins Edwards, who lives in Summerville, S. More than 70 years after the what tu main, his skin what tu main falls off in flakes. For years, he carried around a jar full of the flakes to try to convince people of what happened to him.

Amelia Phillips Hale for NPR hide caption"It took all the skin off your hands. Your hands just rotted," he says. He never refused or questioned the experiments as they were occurring. Defiance was unthinkable, he says, especially for black soldiers. Edwards constantly scratches at the skin on his arms and legs, which still break out in rashes in the places he was burned by chemical weapons more than 70 years ago. During outbreaks, his skin falls off in flakes that pile up on the floor. For years, he carried around a jar full of the flakes to try to convince people of what he went through.

But while Edwards wanted people to know what happened boy erection him, others - like Louis Bessho - didn't like to talk about it. His son, David Bessho, first learned about his father's participation as a teenager. One evening, sitting in the living room, David Bessho asked his dad about an Army commendation hanging on the wall.

David Bessho, who's now retired from the Army, says the award stood out from several others displayed beside it. Where Louis Bessho's name appears on Page 10, the list begins to take on a curious similarity. Names like Tanamachi, Kawasaki, Higashi, Sasaki. More than three dozen Japanese-American names in a row. They were considered less capable than their white counterparts, and most were assigned jobs accordingly, such as cooking and driving dump trucks.

Susan Matsumoto says her husband, Tom, makn died in 2004 of pneumonia, told his wife that he was OK with the testing because he felt it would help "prove he was a good United States citizen. Later, they were sent to live at an internment camp in Arkansas. Matsumoto says wnat husband faced similar scrutiny in the military, but despite that, he was a proud American.

NPR Photo Editor Ariel Zambelich and reporters Jani Actman and What tu main Emmanouilidou also contributed to this story. Courtesy of the Naval Research Laboratory hide caption About This Investigation This is Part 1 of a two-part investigation on mustard gas testing conducted by the U.

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Comments:

09.01.2020 in 23:04 tincefo:
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10.01.2020 in 23:08 freedripo91:
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11.01.2020 in 16:52 Наталия:
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14.01.2020 in 11:36 Гремислав:
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