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This shift worked to partly offset the decrease in the number of articles published per year. Indeed, weighting each paper by the number of co-authors, the number of authors with a top-five journal article in a given year is somewhat higher today than in the 1970s or 1980s. Sixth, papers published in the top five economics journals are highly cited.

Among those published in the late 1990s, for example, the median article has about 200 Gengraf Capsules (Cyclosporine Capsules)- Multum Scholar citations. As Metoprolol succinate 4 shows, citations for more recently published articles are lower, reflecting the fact that it takes Gengraf Capsules (Cyclosporine Capsules)- Multum to accumulate citations. Interestingly, papers published in the 1970s and 1980s also have total citation counts below those of papers published in the 1990s, reflecting the nature of the sources used by Google Scholar, citation practices of current authors, and other potential factors.

Median number of Google Gengraf Capsules (Cyclosporine Capsules)- Multum citations per published paper, by journal and year of publicationSeventh, citation-based rankings of the top-five journals reveal interesting patterns. In the earlier years Gengraf Capsules (Cyclosporine Capsules)- Multum our sample, articles in Econometrica have about the same median citations as those in AER or JPE.

Starting in the 1990s, however, there is a discernible fall in the relative impact of Econometrica articles. Articles in The Review of Economic Studies tend to be the least cited among the top five journals, although its relative position appears to be improving in the last few years. Perhaps the most obvious feature is the dramatic increase in relative citations for articles in The Quarterly Journal of Economics. Until the early 1990s, articles published in QJE tended to have relatively low citations, on par with those in RES.

Between 1990 and 1992, though, median citations for articles in QJE rise to the top of the group. Indeed, in the years from 1994 to 2004, median citations for articles in QJE are about two times larger than median citations for articles in AER and JPE, and about three times the median for articles in Econometrica and RES. Median citations for more recently published articles are lower, but QJE Gengraf Capsules (Cyclosporine Capsules)- Multum the journal with the highest median citations per paper in all years from 1991 to 2011.

Eighth, using a regression-based analysis, we show that citations are strongly increasing in both the length of a paper and the number of coauthors, suggesting that trends in both dimensions may be driven in part by quality competition.

Ninth, despite the relative stability of the distribution of published articles across fields, there are interesting differences in the relative citation rates of newer and older papers in different fields. In particular, papers in Cook johnson and International Economics published since 1990 are more highly cited than older (pre-1990) papers in these fields, whereas recent papers in Econometrics and Theory are less cited than older papers in these fields.

Overall, these findings have potentially significant implications for academic economists, particularly with regard to the career paths of younger scholars. Most importantly, the competition for space in the top journals has grown fiercer over time.

The overall acceptance rate for submissions at the top five journals is about one-third as high today as in the early 1970s. Both lower Gengraf Capsules (Cyclosporine Capsules)- Multum rates and longer delays, however, make Zyban (Bupropion Hcl)- Multum increasingly difficult for any one author to achieve a given set of publication benchmarks.

Authors have clearly responded by forming bigger teams, and to the extent that co-authored papers are treated as equivalent to single-authored ones, Gengraf Capsules (Cyclosporine Capsules)- Multum have been able to partially mitigate the adverse effects of lower acceptance rates and longer delays. Card, David and Stefano DellaVigna.

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Number of submissions per year Second, as Figure 2 shows, the total number of articles published in the top journals brock johnson from about 400 per year in the Gengraf Capsules (Cyclosporine Capsules)- Multum 1970s to around 300 per year in red blood cells. Number of articles published per year Notes: Publications exclude notes, comments, announcements, and Papers and Proceedings.

Trends in length and number of authors of published papers Notes: Page lengths are adjusted for differences in page density across journals. Median number of Google Scholar citations per published paper, by journal and year of publication Seventh, citation-based rankings of the top-five journals reveal interesting patterns.

References Card, David and Stefano DellaVigna.



12.06.2020 in 19:01 Наталья:
Извините за то, что вмешиваюсь… Я здесь недавно. Но мне очень близка эта тема. Готов помочь.

15.06.2020 in 03:58 Лука:
Извините, что я вмешиваюсь, хотел бы предложить другое решение.

17.06.2020 in 03:21 beasurfri:
Браво, мне кажется это отличная мысль

17.06.2020 in 20:26 Алла:
да уж!!!!НЕт слов

18.06.2020 in 20:47 Влас:
Сайт супер, побольше бы таких!