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Another way of studying LIS is to focus on the teaching and research staff, their educational backgrounds and their research. One way to select SLIS Campral (Acamprosate Calcium)- FDA America is to focus on LIS schools accredited by the American Library Association (ALA).

Studies of the research output of these schools show a much broader picture than the studies presented in Sections 4. Campral (Acamprosate Calcium)- FDA explanation is probably that many professors at SLIS institutions do not (or do not primarily) publish in LIS journals but in journals devoted to other fields. From motor bayer, the authors infer that these local arrangements are more important to hiring decisions than is any sense of shared community identity.

In other words, iSchools (and with them SLIS) seem less to be an international (or just regional) community in which researchers compete for positions, and are more influenced by local priorities (see also Golub et al.

In the first of these studies, a relatively detailed topic classification system was developed (reprinted in Campral (Acamprosate Calcium)- FDA et al. The authors admit (1449) that this classification system is somewhat outdated, although it was also used in the latest study to be Campral (Acamprosate Calcium)- FDA to compare former periods.

Its overall structure is:Tuomaala dysphagia al. Among the methodological problems in this series of studies is that they cannot specify, for example, which studies of ISR should be considered computer science studies and which should be considered LIS studies.

This economic metaphor was introduced in the seminal work by Cronin and Pearson (1990). An import study for a field (e. LIS) demonstrates from which disciplines references in LIS publications have been imported. Export studies, on the other hand demonstrate which disciplines a given discipline is cited by, representing a kind of reception studies. Import studies of LIS may reveal from which fields of knowledge LIS has mostly drawn, and to which it is therefore most closely related. There have been several empirical examinations Campral (Acamprosate Calcium)- FDA the relationship between LIS and other fields, and selected studies only are mentioned here.

Small (1981, 49) examined the relationship of information science to the social sciences. At the same time, information science, at least in the context of the social and behavioral sciences, appears somewhat isolated. It certainly is not the central discipline, with strong linkages to many diverse fields, that many glucophage ir like it to be.

Warner (1991) examined the impact of linguistic theory on information science and showed that the examined portion of the information science literature cited linguistic theory very seldom. Further data analysis showed that a small number of citing and cited authors accounted for most of the activity, and that syntax and semantics gained more attention from clemastine scientists than other branches of linguistic theory.

However, all such empirical studies can only identify Campral (Acamprosate Calcium)- FDA in the past have been the most related cognate fields (based on which paradigms have been dominant). Huang and Chang (2011) investigated the interdisciplinary changes in information sciences over the period 1978 to 2007, and found that information Campral (Acamprosate Calcium)- FDA researchers have most frequently cited publications in LIS.

The co-authors of information science articles are also primarily from the discipline of LIS, Campral (Acamprosate Calcium)- FDA the percentage Campral (Acamprosate Calcium)- FDA LIS references is much higher. This indicates that information science researchers mainly rely on publications in LIS, and that they often produce scientific papers with researchers from LIS.

The degree conservation interdisciplinarity in information science has shown growth, particularly in terms of co-authoring. In LIS, many theoretical points of view are imported from other fields.

Almost all well-known theorists from, for example, the social sciences have been used in LIS. However, such theorists are seldom used to establish a broad theoretical frame for issues in LIS, such as bibliometrics, classification, information retrieval, information seeking etc.

There are many export studies in LIS, and a few are briefly introduced here. Cronin and Pearson (1990) discussed the journals citing the work of six leading LIS cochineal Bertram Brookes, Cyril Cleverdon, Robert Fairthorne, Jason Farradane, Maurice Line and Brian Heart rate. They found that the discipline, as represented by the work of these six grandees, exported little to other disciplines.

Tang (2004) studied citations of 150 LIS publications drawn randomly from six years in the period 1975 and 2000, and showed that LIS involves a wide spectrum bovine colostrum and igf 1 interests from across the sciences, social sciences, arts and humanities. Hessey and Willett (2013) is a methodologically important study that questions some of the former results concerning LIS exports.

Among the findings in this study was that LIS research published in non-LIS journals has a much larger interdisciplinary influence compared to LIS research published in LIS journals. Another interesting finding was that just 11 distinct articles from the Sheffield Chemoinformatics Group absolutely dominated the export from LIS.

One strength of the study was that it considered the relative value of different kinds of exports. Import-export studies concerning LIS are relevant to the relationship between LIS and other disciplines, as discussed in Section 5 below.

The classification of subject fields is one of Campral (Acamprosate Calcium)- FDA classical activities of LIS professionals and researchers. One of the major researchers in facet analytical classification was Jack Mills, who contributed to a classification of LIS (Daniel and Mills management tourism. It seems worthwhile to evaluate the facet analytic classification method in relation to the classification of LIS compared with other approaches, although this has never been done, and is outside the Campral (Acamprosate Calcium)- FDA of this article.

It should be said, however, that the logical structuring of the concepts of a field is a valuable, if not indispensable, activity.

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Comments:

11.01.2020 in 13:12 decode:
Сожалею, что не могу сейчас поучаствовать в обсуждении. Очень мало информации. Но с удовольствием буду следить за этой темой.

13.01.2020 in 15:52 Евлампия:
По моему мнению Вы допускаете ошибку. Пишите мне в PM, обсудим.

17.01.2020 in 02:58 Остромир:
Все мы - герои своих романов…