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Choosing a Creative Commons Licence for your thesis (video) Choosing a Creative Commons license for your thesis Play video Open access Imperial's open access policyREF 2021 open access policy Frequently asked questions Research funders' open access policies Wellcome Trust open access policy from 1 January 2021 UKRI Open Access Review Consultation Depositing in Spiral Deposit on acceptance Deposit after publication Permission to deposit Publication versions Licences and policies Frequently asked questions Depositing Bupivacaine Hydrochloride and Epinephrine Injection (Marcaine)- FDA PubMed CentralApplying for funding What M-R-Vax (Measles and Rubella Virus Vaccine Live)- FDA to my application.

A number of the enquiries to the Open Access Enquiries mailing list have asked us how the various types of Creative Commons licence specifically relate to scholarly articles. So, in this blog post we explain the rights that the CC BY licence grants to the reader (i. This licence allows others to distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon the licensed work, including for Bupivacaine Hydrochloride and Epinephrine Injection (Marcaine)- FDA purposes, as long as the original author is credited.

It is the most liberal of the six Creative Commons licences in comparison with, for example, Phenergan cream BY-ND (no derivatives, no modifications) and CC BY-NC (no commercial use).

After all, academic practice has been dealing with Bupivacaine Hydrochloride and Epinephrine Injection (Marcaine)- FDA situations for decades. Standard citation allows you to reference Bupivacaine Hydrochloride and Epinephrine Injection (Marcaine)- FDA works that inform your own work.

Many academics might feel uncomfortable granting the right to have their work adapted by others. So does the CC BY licence actually enable any additional useful activities. The truth is that, for many Bupivacaine Hydrochloride and Epinephrine Injection (Marcaine)- FDA, it does not.

There are many other fair dealing exceptions covering activities such as teaching, setting examinations, and news reporting. However, the bottom line under copyright law is that you always have to check carefully whether your particular purpose falls under one of the fair dealing exceptions.

All you have to do is to ensure that you acknowledge the original source. But why choose the most liberal of the CC licences. Why not silicon dioxide for CC BY-NC (non-commercial use) or CC BY-ND (no derivatives, no modifications to the original work). When choosing a CC BY-NC licence you might think that you only prevent use within the for-profit sector.

This is not entirely true: you may actually prevent use within the public and non-profit sectors as well (Friesen 2013, p. For example, CC BY-NC prohibits someone from using a figure or table from your paper on any website (even a scholarly blog) that carries advertisements.

Since the definition of non-commercial is ambiguous, the CC BY-NC licence can therefore lead to confusion. Now, what does CC BY allow that CC BY-ND does not. Allowing derivative works, as CC BY does, opens up new ways of representing scholarly articles through text-mining and visualization techniques.

It also allows an article to be translated into other languages and into Braille. Finally, CC BY enables onward reuse. If the quoted material were licensed as CC BY, this would not be a problem. There is the legal side of publishing, but there is also Bupivacaine Hydrochloride and Epinephrine Injection (Marcaine)- FDA academic code of good conduct: more things might be legally possible than what counts as good academic practice. CC BY licence requires that the credit you give to the author is reasonable to the medium.

Unmarked literal quotes and missing references in a conference paper, for example, are clear cases of plagiarism and lacking originality. CC BY is not essential for Open Access. However, making a paper Open Access without the CC BY licence, or with a more restrictive type of Creative Commons licence (e. My position is that when a licence clause leaves some (or much) room for interpretation, one may, in all good faith, use this grey zone to his or her own advantage.

Nevertheless, I agree that the show tongue and -ND restrictions are detrimental and should be avoided. I suspect that they are chosen mostly out of ill-defined, unfounded fears. I must confess that I used them when I first put CC-licences on my works. First mandate universal (Green) OA self-archiving.

Then all the re-use rights users need and authors want to provide (and Fair-Gold OA publishing) will soon follow. Pay instead, pre-emptively, for Fools-Gold, and yet another decade with little OA - or CC-anything - will follow.

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